What Is Rapid Cycling Bipolar Disease?
The term “Rapid Cycling” is used to describe a particular set of symptoms in bipolar disease. In rapid cycling, an individual with bipolar disorder/disease will have four or more episodes of mania or depression in one year.
Who Gets Rapid Cycling Bipolar Disease?
Pretty much anyone can become a sufferer of rapid cycling bipolar disease. Almost 6 million individuals in the US alone suffer with bipolar disease, with approximately 10% to 20% of those individuals having rapid cycling bipolar. Individuals with bipolar II disease are more inclined to experience rapid cycling.
Many of these sufferers are in their late teens or early twenties when symptoms first begin. Almost everybody with bipolar II disease has the symptoms before the age of fifty. Individuals with a close relative with bipolar disease are at higher risk.
What Are the Symptoms of Rapid Cycling Bipolar disease?
Individuals with rapid cycling bipolar disease also have the symptoms of bipolar disease:
- A minimum of one episode of mania in their lifetime.
- Episodes of depression [major depressive disease], which are regularly intermittent.
What is the difference between hypomania & mania?
Mania is a medical term describing a period of elevated euphoric mood, generally joined by unpredictable conduct lasting a period of no less than seven days. Hypomania is an elevated mood not achieving full-on mania. The typical period is four to seven days.
Some individuals with rapid cycling bipolar disease interchange between times of hypomania and a real depressive disease. Mostly, however, depression is the real commanding symptom. Repeated times of depression are punctuated by rare, shorter times of lifted inclination.
How Is Rapid Cycling Bipolar disease Diagnosed?
Bipolar disease is diagnosed after somebody encounters a hypomanic or manic episode. Rapid cycling bipolar disease is diagnosed when the patient has suffered four or more episodes of mania, hypomania or depression in a twelve month period.
Rapid cycling bipolar disease can be hard to diagnose. Rapid cycling may appear to make bipolar disease more self-evident, but since a great many people with rapid cycling bipolar disease invest much additional time depressed than manic or hypomanic, they are frequently misdiagnosed with only depression.
How Is Rapid Cycling Bipolar disease Treated?
Since symptoms of depression rule in the vast majority with rapid cycling bipolar disease, treatment is typically involved in calming the depression. Antidepressants, can diminish symptoms in rapid cycling bipolar disease. Nonetheless, taking antidepressants on their own can really worsen rapid cycling, furthermore trigger manic episodes.Therefore, mood stabilizers must be prescribed with antidepressants. Mood stabilizers incorporate anti seizure medications, and antipsychotics. Lithium can often be prescribed in rapid cycling bipolar disease.
What Are the Risks of Rapid Cycling Bipolar disease?
The biggest danger of rapid cycling bipolar disease is suicide. Individuals with bipolar disease are 10 to 20 times more prone to submit suicide than individuals without bipolar disease. Tragically, 8% to 20% of individuals with bipolar disease lose their lives to suicide. Individuals with rapid cycling bipolar disease are therefore at much higher risk of suicide than those with “customary” bipolar disease. They are hospitalized all the more frequently, and their symptoms are typically more difficult to control long term.
Treatment diminishes the probability of genuine depression and suicide. Lithium specifically, taken long term, diminishes the risk.
Individuals with bipolar disease are additionally at a higher danger of substance misuse. About 60% of individuals with bipolar disease misuse medications or alcohol. Substance misuse is connected with more serious and poorly treated bipolar disease.