Bipolar Disorder Type I Explained
Type 1 bipolar disorder is a severe mental illness which is just one type of bipolar disease. Bipolar disorder is also known as bipolar affective disorder and bipolar disease. Bipolar disorder used to be known as manic-depression. Bipolar is characterized by the occurrence of one or more manic or mixed episodes. These are often accompanied by major depressive episodes. These severe mood disorders often lead to problems in everyday life for the sufferer. The disorder interferes with personal relationships and can lead to suicide attempts.
To get a diagnosis of bipolar disorder type 1 a manic episode needs to be diagnosed. This is often preceded by one or more depressive episodes. A single cause has not been identified to explain the origin of bipolar disorder. However, biological, psychological and social factors can lead to chemical changes in the brain.
People with bipolar 1 disorder may experience unusually intense emotional states. These occur in distinct periods known as “episodes”. During a manic episode, an individual may often exhibit excessive joy – a state of excitement. Sometimes irritability associated with increased energy, and increased physical, mental and emotional activity. These symptoms are typical for bipolar disorder type 1.
Symptoms also include;
an exaggerated self-confidence fanciful ideas.
reduced need for sleep
an excessive need to talk
tendency for impulsive and reckless behavior.
Manic episodes may alternate with prolonged episodes of depression. During which there is a noticeably depressed mood and decreased energy and activity.
There are also “mixed” episodes when manic and depressive symptoms occur within the same episode. The patient rapidly alternates between these states.
Diagnosis and Management
There is no cure for bipolar disorder type I, but with effective treatment, most patients can better control their symptoms. A psychiatrist, psychiatric nurse or general practitioner can make a diagnosis. They do this by asking the patient to describe the pattern of symptoms. The treatment of bipolar I disorder must effectively manage the manic and depressive episodes. And also manage mixed episodes and “Rapid Cycling” (rapid mood changes). It is also important to avoid recurrence. Treatment usually includes the use of drugs. Especially when combined with interventions such as cognitive therapy and WRAP type programs.
Type I bipolar disorder is a severe mental illness for which social and professional help is crucial.