Glossary of mood disorder terms

Terms used throughout this website, and also by your healthcare professional, or perhaps a loved one suffering from bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, borderline personality disorder or other mood disorder. All in alphabetical order.

Abnormal: Outside uncharacteristic of a specific patient, or the anticipated standard.
Acquired: Not inherited, or present at birth (congenital), but developing after birth.
Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disorder. Acute often also connotes an illness that’s serious.
ADHD: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Anorexia: An eating disorder characterized by markedly decreased hunger or complete aversion to food.
Anorexia nervosa: See Anorexia.
Anticonvulsant: A drug used to control (prevent) seizures (convulsions).
Antidepressant: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.
Antihypertensive: Something which reduces high blood pressure (hypertension).
Antipsychotic: A drug (or a different measure) that’s considered to work in treating psychosis.
Anxiety: A sense of anxiety and dread, defined by physical symptoms like palpitations.
Atypical: Uncommon, or not meeting one diagnostic group.
Behavior therapy: A treatment system which calls for replacing conduct that is desired accountable conduct.
Bipolar disorder: A mood disorder sometimes called manic-depressive illness or manic depression.
Blood count: The computed amount of white or red blood cells (WBCs or RBCs) in a cubic mm.
Blood sugar: Blood glucose. See also: High blood sugar; Low blood glucose.
Brain: The part of the central nervous system that’s found within the skull.
Brain tumor: A malignant or benign growth in the brain. Main brain tumors initially for…
Bulimia: Additionally called bulimia nervosa. An eating disorder characterized by episodes of binge eating that was secret, and then purging or vomiting.
Cell: The fundamental functional and structural component of any living thing.
Chronic: In medicine, continuing a number of years. A chronic illness is one which lasts 3 months
Chronic Pain: Pain (an unpleasant awareness of suffering) that persists or progresses over a time period.
Cocaine: A material derived from the leaves of the coca plant that’s a bitter, addictive.
Cognitive: Having to do with knowledge, judgment, or thought.
Cognitive behavior therapy: A therapeutic practice that helps patients understand and repair their ideas that are dangerous
Constipation: Infrequent and often incomplete bowel movements.
CT scan: Computed tomography scan. This obtains comprehensive pictures of internal organs.
Cure: To fix, to make to restore to good health.
Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Disorders of the gastrointestinal tract.
Depression: An illness that includes the body, mood, and ideas and that impacts how the sufferer believes.
Diagnosis: The character of a disorder; the identification of an illness.
Diarrhea: A standard illness that includes liquid and very regular bowel movements.
Dizziness: Painless head suffering with many potential causes.
Dopamine: An important neurotransmitter (messenger) in the mind.
Dry mouth: The affliction of not having enough saliva to maintain the mouth wet.
Dysfunction: Difficult function or abnormal function.
EEG: Electroencephalogram.
Electroencephalogram: A technique for analyzing the electric currents within the mind. Crisis department: The section of a hospital in charge of the supply of medical emergencies.
Encephalitis: Inflammation of the mind, which might result from a bacterium, a virus, or an injury.
Epilepsy (seizure disorder): When nerve cells in the brain fire electrical impulses.
Extrapyramidal side effects: Physical symptoms, including tremor, slurred speech.
Family therapy: A form of psychotherapy made to identify family routines that lead to a family members sickness.
Fats: Plural of the word “fat”. See the definition of fat.
FDA: Food and Drug Administration.
Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37C).
Food and Drug Administration: An agency within the US Public Health Service that supplies medicine and food info.
Gene: The fundamental biological unit of heredity. A section of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).
Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic advice.
Group therapy: A form of psychiatric care in which several patients meet with one or more likewise recuperating patients.
Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries through the body.
Herbal: 1. An adjective, referring to herbs in an herbal tea. 2. A treatment for sickness made from herbs.
Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that regulates and controls the actions of nerves.
Hyperglycemia: A high blood sugar. An elevated amount especially of the sugar glucose.
Hypomania: A condition much like mania but less serious. The symptoms are similar with hyperactivity and raised mood.
Immunodeficiency: The inability to form a normal immune response.
Infection: Multiplication and the invasion of microorganisms including bacteria, viruses.
Insomnia: The perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep as a result of variety of causes.
Intervention: The action of interceding with the aim of altering behavioural sickness or physical maladies, interfering or intervening.
Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the left and right side of the abdomen.
Lab: A place for preparing compounds, and for doing tests and research processes.
Lipids: Another word for “fats.”
Lithium: A naturally occurring salt that, in purified form, is used to take care of certain psychiatric illnesses, particularly mania.
Liver: The biggest solid organ in the entire body, situated in the top portion of the abdomen.
Mania: An abnormally elevated mood state characterized by such symptoms as recklessness and improper conduct.
Manic: In a state of mania.
Migraine: Generally, regular episodes of headaches on one or both sides of the head.
MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.
Nausea: the impulse to vomit, Belly queasiness. Many causes can bring on nausea.
Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses chemical and electric signals to transmit sensory info to the brain.
Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness.
Outpatient: A patient who’s not hospitalized, but instead comes to a doctor’s office.
Pain: An unpleasant sensation that may range between mild, localized discomfort to agony.
Panic: A surprising strong feeling of anxiety that prevents activity or practical consideration.
Panic disorder: An anxiety disorder that’s distinguished by sudden episodes of panic and fear.
Phobia: An excessive kind of anxiety that can cause panic and avoidance.
Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body.
Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus in the body.
Prescription: A doctor’s order for administration and the preparation of a drug.
Prognosis: The prediction of the likely outcome or course of a disorder; the patient’s chance of healing.
Psychiatric: Pertaining to or within the purview of psychiatry.
Psychiatrist: A doctor who specializes in the prevention, identification, and treatment of mental illness.
Psychosis: In the typical sense, a mental illness noticeably interferes with a man’s perspective of the external world.
Psychotherapy: The treatment of mental illness, conduct disorders, or some other ailment of the head.
Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash could result from an underlying medical condition or of drug unwanted side effects.
Relapse: The return of symptoms and signs of a disease after a remission.
Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning exclude or to remove something from thought.
Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the evaluation of organs or areas of the body.
Schizoaffective disorder: A mood disorder that’s coupled.
Schizophrenia: One of several brain diseases whose symptoms may include loss of character.
Seizure: Uncontrolled electric activity in the brain, which might generate a physical convulsion.
Serotonin: A neurotransmitter that’s included in the transmission of nerve impulses.
Slumber: The entire body’s rest cycle.
Social phobia: A paralyzing fear of socializing with others.
Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the entire body.
Stress: In a biological or medical circumstance pressure is a physical, mental, or psychological variable.
Substance: Material with special characteristics.
Substance abuse: The excessive utilization of a drug, especially alcohol or a substance.
Suicidal: Pertaining to suicide. the taking of ones own life.
Suicide prevention: Reducing the danger of suicide.
Syndrome: A mixture of indications and symptoms that collectively represent a disease process.
Systemic: Changing the whole body. The entire body can be affected by a systemic disorder like diabetes.
Treatment: The treatment of disorder. Treatment is interchangeable with treatment.
Tongue: A powerful muscle that’s anchored to the ground of the mouth.
Trauma: A mental or physical harm.
Tremor: An unusual, persistent shaking motion of the body. Tremors have many causes
Trigger: Something which sets off a disease in those who are predisposed.
Tumour: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation.
Urine: Liquid waste generated by the kidneys.
Virus: A microorganism that’s smaller than a bacterium that cannot develop or reproduce apart from propagating between individuals.
Withdrawal symptoms: Unusual mental or physical characteristics that follow the sudden withdrawal of drugs.